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If you want to enhance your understanding and grow in any field, books can be your best buddy. Reading good books is a proven way to enhance understanding and develop depth knowledge of any domain. So I would like to say, the semiconductor industry is not an exception to this trend. If you want to develop your deep understanding, the working experience and learnings are not sufficient, you must have to develop the habit of reading too.

The semiconductor industry is a very fast-moving industry in terms of technology development. We are witness of many such developments in recent years like many lower nodes, multiple patterning, DUV to EUV and many more. Many of the basic concepts you need to read and understand from books, many can be read from recent journals/conference publication and articles. There are many good books in this area which are quite popular in the semiconductor professional and researcher community. In this article, I would like to recommend the top 5 books which every Physical design engineer must-read.

If you wish you buy any books, I have searched the bestseller, best edition and best price of these books and linked here. You can buy these books from these links through amazon. 

1. “Static Timing Analysis for Nanometer Designs” by J. Bhashkar and Rakesh Chadha 

In this list, my first recommendation would be a very popular book titled “Static Timing Analysis for Nanometer Designs” by J. Bhashkar and Rakesh Chadha. This books basically deals all the Static timing-related concepts and many SDC commands. Beyond the STA there are many more good concepts related to standard cells timing and clock has covered and explained very well.

The main content of this book is as follow:

CHAPTER 1: Introduction 
CHAPTER 2: STA Concepts
CHAPTER 3: Standard Cell Library
CHAPTER 4: Interconnect Parasitics
CHAPTER 5: Delay Calculation
CHAPTER 6: Crosstalk and Noise
CHAPTER 7: Configuring the STA Environment
CHAPTER 8: Timing Verification
CHAPTER 9: Interface Analysis

CHAPTER 10: Robust Verification

2. “Physical Design Essentials: An ASIC Design Implementation Perspective” by Khoshrow Golshan

2nd book which I recommend is “Physical Design Essentials” written by Khoshrow Golshan. This book is very good for all freshers who are planning to enter the Physical design world. This book explains the Industries common ASIC Design flow, Floorplan, Placement, CTS, Routing, Verification and Testing. The main content of this book is as follow:

Chapter 1: Libraries

1.1 Standard Cells 1.4 Library Characterization

Chapter 2: Floorplanning

2.1 Technology File 2.3 Design Constraints
2.4 Design Planning
2.5 Pad Placement
2.6 Power Planning
2.7 Macro Placement

Chapter 3: Placement

3.1 Global Placement 3.2 Detail Placement
3.3 Clock Tree Synthesis
3.4 Power Analysis

Chapter 4: Routing

4.1 Special Routing
4.2 Global Routing
4.3 Detail Routing
4.4 Extraction

Chapter 5: Verification

5.1 Functional Verification 5.2 Timing Verification
5.3 Physical Verification

Chapter 6: Testing

6.1 Functional Test
6.2 Scan Test 6.3 Boundary Scan Test
6.4 Fault Detection
6.5 Parametric Test
6.8 Memory Test
  

 3. “CMOS Digital Integrated Circuits Analysis and Design” by Sung-Mo Kang and Yusuf Leblebici

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This book is the most favourite book in the academics. The book starts with the basic of MOS Transistors, Scaling, Modeling of MOSFET, CMOS Inverter characteristics, combinational and Sequential logic, SRAM design then Low power CMOS logic circuits. The contents of this book are as follow:

1 INTRODUCTION 2 FABRICATION OF MOSFETs
3 MOS TRANSISTOR
4 MODELING OF MOS TRANSISTORS USING SPICE
5 MOS INVERTERS: STATIC CHARACTERISTICS 

6 MOS INVERTERS: SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICS AND INTERCONNECT EFFECTS
7 COMBINATIONAL MOS LOGIC CIRCUITS 8 SEQUENTIAL MOS LOGIC CIRCUITS
9 DYNAMIC LOGIC CIRCUITS
10 SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORIES
11 LOW-POWER CMOS LOGIC CIRCUITS
12 BiCMOS LOGIC CIRCUITS
13 CHIP INPUT AND OUTPUT (O) CIRCUITS
14 VLSI DESIGN METHODOLOGIES
15 DESIGN FOR MANUFACTURABILITY
16 DESIGN FOR TESTABILITY

4. “The MOS Transistor” by Yanish Tsiwidis

 

This book is one the standard book on MOS transistors in Academics as well as industry. My personal feeling in that the writer Yanish Tswidis is the God of MOS Transistors.

The first image is shown is the Indian 3rd edition and I would like to recommend you if you have not read this book till now, you must read this. You can buy this book from the following link.

A course on this book is also available on the Coursera website.

5. “Verilog HDL A Guide to Digital Design and Synthesis” by Samir Palnitkar


This book is a very standard book to learn Verilog HDL and quite popular. You must go through this book either you are working on RTL design or not, but one must has an understanding of RTL codes.  The contents of this book are as follow:

1 Overview of Digital Design with Verilog HDL
2 Hierarchical Modeling Concepts
3 Basic Concepts
4 Modules and Ports
5 Gate-Level Modeling
6 Dataflow Modeling
7 Behavioral Modeling
8 Tasks and Functions
9 Useful Modeling Techniques
10 Timing and Delays
11 Switch-Level Modeling
12 User-Defined Primitives
13 Programming Language Interface
14 Logic Synthesis with Verilog HDL


This was a very short list of books, actually, my favourite list is quite long. You might feel that I have missed some important books. Yes, that’s right and I will cover all those in another article. You can comment on the name of your most favourite book. 


Thank You!

2 thoughts on “Top 5 books for Physical Design Engineer

  1. Hi Seshadri, Thank you for your appreciation. Time to time I try to do practical stuffs but there are some limitations of confidentiality of tools and technology. And we must respect that. Hope you got my point.

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